The New Deal & The 3 R's
As stated in his Inaugural Speech Franklin D. Roosevelt, he wanted to jump on the country's problems very quickly and that he did. He had the concept of The New Deal and The 3 R's, relief, recovery, and reform. The "First 100 Days" was considered the first New Deal while in 1935 the "2nd New Deal" was in action. The 3 R's were a large role in the rise of our country again.
The first R, Relief was all about the immediate action to provide temporary help to those in need or any unemployed American citizens. The Relief section of the New Deal consisted of many plans. One was the Civil Works Administration (CWA). This gave jobs to any unemployed citizens to help reconstructing or building roads or bridges. This helped by giving jobs to people in need and also helping the country get ahead. Another plan that helped the Relief was the Bank Holiday. The Bank Holiday was a four day break which shut down banking systems. During this he found out which banks were reliable to the U.S. citizens and put the government's money into them, then reopening only the reliable banks. This brought all banks back up so that citizens could get their money and the money they needed. This helped out citizens in need by gaining money to help survive.
The second R, Recovery. This plan was designed to give a boost of help to the economy to help it back on its feet after the depression. One plan that was apart of this stage was the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA). This was a group of businesses that were organized by the government to set rules and regulations for the economy. This helped with a lower unemployment rate by having the owners have a say. This also kept equalization. A second act that was apart of Recovery was the Works Progress Administration (WPA). This helped provide long term jobs to the unemployed in building schools or other public work projects. This helped stimulate the economy.
The final R of the New Deal was Reform. Reform was set up to create programs that would prevent another depression from ever happening again. This was the last piece of the 3 R's and to some, the most important. One plan under the final R was the Social Security Administration. This was a plan were the government would give money to citizens (the elderly, disabled in order to make sure that no single citizen would not have to worry if they had enough money to survive. This plan is still around today. The point of this plan is that people who get helped by this plan will have enough money to support them their entire lives. Another plant the final R helped out is the Soil Conservation Act. This was an act were specialist were sent out to inspect the soil of farms in order to prevent another dust bowl occurring. This helped prevent many deaths and injuries.